Fabian Marcaccio & Greg Lynn, The Predator, 1999

Collection: Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt/Main (Germany)
Presentation: Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt/Main, 2005-2006

Link to VR-Panorama

The Predator
Description artwork

The Predator is a space-encompassing sculpture made of transparent synthetic panels of various dimensions and surface design whose interior sides serve as a grounding for digital painting on plastic foil. The panels are connected with cable ties on the edges to 35 rings in total, which are linked with one another to form a C-shaped, fish-like tube which fills the entire room. The diameter of the tube varies at different segments. Some of the panels are covered with colorful foil, others are left colorless, and/or painted. The relief of the panels also varies, as does their luminosity. Some panels have gill or rib-like slits which allow us to look inside the sculpture at the printed foil. The Predator reaches its maximum height of about 3.5 m (N.B.: this measurement specification is taken from the architectural office; in the MMK the sculpture has a maximum height of 3 m) somewhere to the right of its middle. The removal of 2½ panels at this widest point creates an opening through which the 'cave' might be entered. This position enables the most penetrating view into the sculpture to admire the vigorously undulating and colorful digital prints on the foils. The Predator is very thickly painted with colorful silicone in places, both on the inside and outside. The relief of the panels served to stabilize the structure; the Predator was originally intended to support itself. However, from the very first time it was assembled, curved aluminum pipes have been necessary to press the Predator apart into its fully rounded shape. The currently displayed aluminum pipes are part of the MMK setup; those used in the original installation in America are not included.
(Source: MMK)

Documentation strategy

- A representation from the spectator’s point of view of the overall appearance of an installation within a given space (with the camera positioned at eye level).
- Bird’s eye view (recorded from a height of 320 cm)
- Documentation of individual panels, surface attributes, curved aluminium support structure etc.

The purpose of this documentation was to convey an overall impression of the installation in a particular space. It includes a record of architectural features and light sources (daylight, artificial light). It also records the placement of the work of art within the space.
A further purpose of this panoramic strategy was the visual documentation of individual sections of the art work, surface attributes, cable ties, aluminium support structure, fastenings, silicon paintings, and the condition of the art work subsequent to its reinstallation (the silicon paintings on the installation were executed by Fabian Marcaccio).
In order to cover every possible angle for each individual section, and to be able to zoom into each panel and switch views between them, 11 different vantage points were selected. Excerpted details from a panorama image produced in this way can later be integrated as a screenshot into an installation’s “list of individual components”. They can also serve as documentation of individual components for the purposes of a condition report (see example: download document/research project/documentation/VR panorama).
To aid navigation, a floor plan indicating the location of each camera position (grey dots or a pair of dots) is displayed to the right of the image. The currently selected camera position is highlighted in blue.
The spectator’s point of view is arrived at by clicking on the lower dot of a pair of dots (representing eye level). The upper dot in a pair of dots represents a bird’s eye view from the same position (this time with the camera at a height of 320 cm). The higher elevation affords an overview of the work of art in context.
The interior views of the installation and the central vantage point from the middle of the room are recorded as 360 degree spherical images. The exterior views are documented by means of partial panoramas.

project: Inside Installations Special Study Documentation / Visualisation of Installation Art
author: ©Ulrike Baumgart/art-documentation (2007)